Read e-book online Slavery in Árpád-era Hungary in a Comparative Context PDF

By Cameron Sutt

ISBN-10: 9004248331

ISBN-13: 9789004248335

In Slavery in Árpád-era Hungary in a Comparative Context, Cameron Sutt examines servile labour within the first 3 centuries of the Hungarian nation and compares it with established labour in Carolingian Europe. Such comparative method offers a very transparent view of the character of established labour in either regions.
Using laws in addition to constitution facts, Sutt establishes that lay landlords of Árpádian Hungary usually relied upon slaves to paintings their land, however the state of affairs in Carolingian parts was once even more advanced. using slave labour in Hungary persisted until eventually the tip of the 13th century while a mixture of financial and political components introduced it to an finish.

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32 chapter 1 Establishing a definition that allows the differentiation of the slave from the serf is my main task, and here it must be kept in mind that the nature of the source material renders criteria involving dishonour not particularly useful. Most of the source material for Árpád-era Hungary consists of laws and charters that do not address issues of the dishonour of servi directly. Therefore, though I consider them the most fundamental, issues of dishonour are conspicuously absent. I propose the following criteria for defining a slave in the period in question: 1.

143 Stanley L. Engerman, ‘Slavery, Serfdom and Other Forms of Coerced Labour: Similarities and Differences’, in Serfdom and Slavery: Studies in Legal Bondage, ed. L. Bush (New York: Longman, 1996), 22. 144 Wendy Davies, ‘On Servile Status in the Early Middle Ages’, in Serfdom and Slavery, ed. L. Bush (New York: Longman, 1996), 225–26. Introduction 25 the land on which they lived. 146 Slaves also had fewer family rights than serfs, if any. The families of serfs had legal sanction and were protected.

What remains are isolated periods and phenomena with no connection to a wider historical discussion. The result is a sort of antiquarian interest in what ends up being little more than artefacts of social history. In fact, slavery lends itself particularly well to the sort of comparative discussion that can bring depth to our understanding of society. As John Edward Philips has argued, the near-universality of slavery as part of the human condition, combined with the multitude of social and cultural variations it displays, indicates that slavery itself is the result of the cognitive process of labelling.

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Slavery in Árpád-era Hungary in a Comparative Context by Cameron Sutt

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