By Toby Seddon
'A heritage of gear' information the heritage of the connection among medicinal drugs and freedom during the last two hundred years; hence irritating and unravelling the 'naturalness' of the 'drug question', because it lines the a number of and heterogeneous traces of improvement out of which it's been assembled. advent : medicines, freedom and liberalism -- A conceptual map : freedom, the "will" and habit -- Opium, legislation and classical liberalism : the drugstore act 1868 -- medicines, prohibition and welfarism : the damaging medicines act 1920 -- medicinal drugs, possibility and neo-liberalism : the medication act 2005 -- medicinal drugs as a rules and governance challenge -- Conclusions : medicinal drugs and freedom within the liberal age
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Extra info for A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age
More than that, freedom becomes a necessity. ’ Emphasizing the enabling or productive nature of modern freedom, Rose (1999: 69–78) makes the telling point that at the same time as allowing individuals freedom of choice, liberal government sought to deploy a A conceptual map 21 range of technologies of responsibilization, all of which aimed to steer people towards governing themselves in desired directions. Norms and codes of civility, reason and orderliness operated across diverse sites – urban space, schools, the family and so on – to guide how individuals exercised their freedom of choice.
Consequently, the question of whether, or to what extent, he was under a duty to conduct himself in a prudent manner in relation to his health (if he wished to draw the beneﬁt of his insurance) was raised. The location of the Mar case within this particular ‘insurantial imaginary’ thus ﬁrmly roots this early problematization of opium within liberal understandings of freedom and responsibility. Second, and related to the ﬁrst point, it also highlights the valorization of individual autonomy and freedom that is so central to early liberalism.
Edwards, 1754/1957: 137) This deﬁnition leads Edwards to the view that it is impossible for ‘will’ and ‘desire’ to be in conﬂict, in the sense that humans ‘will’ or choose actions in order to satisfy their desires (1754/1957: 139). For Edwards, this was a way of resolving an otherwise difﬁcult theological problem: how to reconcile the Calvinist belief in the essential ‘fallenness’ of human nature with the wish to hold individuals morally responsible for their actions. By separating ‘will’ from ‘desire’, it allowed him to argue that human beings choose how to act, and therefore bear full moral responsibility for those choices, but that the indelible taint of Original Sin tends to make us desire to act against God by sinning.
A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age by Toby Seddon